Значение и использование
5.1 Knowledge of the nature and extent of contamination in a nuclear facility to be decommissioned is crucial to choosing the optimum methods for decontamination and decommissioning, and estimating the resulting waste volumes and personnel exposures. Implementing a characterization plan, developed in accordance with this standard, will result in obtaining or deriving the above information.
5.2 Information on the proposed decommissioning methods, waste volumes, and estimated personnel radiation exposures can be used to define the overall work scope, costs, schedules, and manpower needs for the decommissioning project. This information may be included in the Decommissioning Plan. The extent of over- or under-estimating these project parameters will be a function of the sampling plan and statistical designs, described in Sections 6.1.4 and 6.1.5.
1.1 This standard guide applies to developing nuclear facility characterization plans to define the type, magnitude, location, and extent of radiological and chemical contamination within the facility to allow decommissioning planning. This guide amplifies guidance regarding facility characterization indicated in ASTM Standard E1281 on Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Plans. This guide does not address the methodology necessary to release a facility or site for unconditional use. This guide specifically addresses:
1.1.1 the data quality objective for characterization as an initial step in decommissioning planning.
1.1.3 the logic involved (statistical design) to ensure adequate characterization for decommissioning purposes; and
1.1.4 essential documentation of the characterization information.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.